Sambalpuri Ghudka Dance- History, Details, Wiki, Contact Number & More

Sambalpuri Ghudka Dance one of the most researched folk dance form of Odisha. Ghudka Dance is originated and perform in Western part of Odisha popularly know as Koshal. Sambalpuri Ghudka dance also performs in various parts of Odisha. Thanks for joining us through Sambalpuri Ghudka Dance articles please read this article.

 Sambalpuri Ghudka Dance- History, Details, Wiki, Contact Number & More

Todays in this article I will show you how different folk dance of Odisha came into existence. Odisha famous for its rich culture, dance, song etc. Sambalpuri Ghudka dance is also a rich cultural dance, which is performed in all over the Odisha. let's see

Types of Folk dance in Odisha

1- Dalkhai Dance

Dalkhai is the most popular folk dance of Western Odisha.[1] It is known as Dalkhai because in the beginning and end of every stanza the word is used as an address to a girlfriend. Mainly the theme of this dance is Radha and KrishnaRamayanaMahabharata, etc.
It is performed in various festivals such as Bhaijiuntia, Phagun Puni, Nuakhai, etc. Usually, young women from Binjhal, Kuda, Mirdha, Sama and some other tribes of Sambalpur, Balangir, Sundargarh, Bargarh, Nuapada and Kalahandi districts, participate in this dance.
Dalkhai dance begins from the Sambalpur locale of the East Indian province of Orissa. It is the most mainstream move type of the Western piece of Orissa. 
The men yell the word 'Dalkhai Bo!' toward the start and end of every stanza sung in the move. This is the motivation behind why the move is known as the Dalkhai move. 
The men moving alongside the young ladies address them amid the execution and play with them. The subjects on which the move is performed are the everlasting romantic tale of Radha and Lord Krishna, scenes from the Hindu stories, Ramayana and Mahabharata and portrayal of nature.
The Dalkhai dance is performed on bubbly events, for example, Bhaijuntia, Phagun Puni, Nuakhai, Dussehra, Dalkhai and Durga Puja. 

Dalkhai Dance, Sambalpuri Ghudka Dance
The unmarried young ladies known as 'Kuanris', begin the execution with a people tune, which is trailed by the Dalkhai dance. The clans of Orissa that have some expertise in this artistic expression are Binjhal, Kuda, Mirdha, Sama and so on. 
This dance is made prominent by the accompanying locale of the state viz. Sambalpur, Balangir, Sundargarh, Bargarh, Nuapada, and Kalahandi. 
This dance is performed by the young men and young ladies keeping in mind the end goal to satisfy the Dalkhai Goddess Durga. Dalkhai is likewise performed in different varieties, for example, Rasarkeli, Gunji Keeta, Jamudali, Banki, Jhulki, Sainladi and so on.

How did Dalkhai Dance Originated?

The word 'Dalkhai' implies a come from the branch of a tree. As indicated by a few, the dalo branches are emblematically planted as Goddess Durga related with Shakti, the female power. 

Additionally, the branches remain for brushwood, which brings out the photo of youthful timid young ladies moving in the hedges. 

A large portion of the general population opines that it is performed amid Dusshara to keep the paddy from creepy crawlies. Be that as it may, some neighborhood portrayals relate the dance to stories of the seven siblings and seven sisters adored in the Dalkhai or sula kutti. 

This legend, however a perplexing setup of the custom succession, are general portrayals of the Dalkhai dance. Notwithstanding, some say that the Dalkhai dance is performed to praise harvest time and is related with a service 'Bhaijiuntia' saw by ladies wishing long life for their siblings.

How Dalkhai Dance Performed?

Dalkhai is generally performed by unmarried young ladies. The drummer, likewise called as the Dhulia, thumps the Dhol toward the start of the execution. 

Young ladies, remaining in a line sing Dalkhai melodies. Subsequent to singing for some time, they begin moving by bowing forward in a half– sitting position. 

Hands are pushed ahead and in reverse on the other hand by the young ladies and amid the dance, they put a fabric of red or pink shading on their shoulders. 

The essential significance is given to various developments of hands, legs, knees, and hips. The dance at times goes moderate and quick relying on the sound of the dhol. Additionally, as the dance continues, the dancers make hovers in the clock– savvy and anti-clockwise bearing.

Dalkhai actually signifies 'Woman Love' in the local Oriya dialect. This dance frame can turn out to be exceptionally repetitive, as it is performed persistently for a traverse of 36 hours! This dance begins on Saptami and closures with the Dussehra celebration of Durga Puja. 

This dance is performed at a pre-decided spot, for the most part at stream side. From the sand at the stream bank, the entertainers make a symbol of Goddess Durga that is set under a tree and venerated. 

The entertainers quick at the season of performing Dalkhai dance. In any case, this delightful artistic expression is soon reducing, regardless of the exertion made by specific parts of Orissa to resuscitate the craftsmanship.

Which musical instruments are used to perform Dalkhai?

The dance is performed by the females though music is given by men who are drummers and artists. There is a rich ensemble of society music joined by the dance alongside various instruments. 

These incorporate the dhol, nisan (a monster drum put forth of iron defense), tamki (a little one-sided drum played by two sticks, tasa (likewise a one-sided drum) and mahuri. 

Be that as it may, the rhythm is controlled by the dhol player as he dances before the young ladies.

The melodic backups to the Dalkhai dance are dhol, nishan, muhuri, tamki and tasa. 

The rancher men play the music to which the young ladies dance. For the most part, the dhol player drives the troupe with his beat.

The ladies smoothly combine their legs and twist their knees, to make the means of Dalkhai dance. They likewise push ahead and in a half-sitting position for the dance. 

The young men and young ladies move in concentric circles clock shrewd and against clock astute, amid the execution. 

The young ladies are wearing a vivid Sambalpuri neighborhood sari known as Kopta. A scarf holds tight their shoulders, the closures of which the young ladies hold while performing. 

Their adornments contains guna, jhalka, khagla, katriya, bondriya and bahati.

2-Ghumura Dance

Ghumura dance (Odia : ଘୁମୁରା ନାଚ) is a folk dance of Kalahandi district of the Indian state Odisha.[1] It is classified as folk dance as the dress code of Ghumura resembles more like a tribal dance, but there are arguments about[2] mudra and dance forms of Ghumura bearing more resemblance with other classical dance forms of India.

Ghumura Dance (or Ghumra Dance) is a standout amongst the most looked for and driving folk dance shape in Orissa. It is delegated folk dance as the clothing regulation of Ghumura takes after more like an inborn dance, however, ongoing scientists contend diverse mudra and dance frame display in Ghumura bear more likeness with another traditional dance type of India. The course of events of Ghumura dance isn't clear. Numerous specialists assert it was a War dance in old India and utilized by Ravana in Ramayana. Ghumura dance is portrayed in Sun Temple of Konark affirming this dance frame is since the medieval period. In the 'Madhya Parba" of "Sarala Mhabharata" Ghumura has been said as Dhola Madala Gadi je Ghumura Bajai Ghumura je Ghumu Hoi Garajai 

In Chandi Purana notices: Biratwara Biradhola Daundi Ghumura Kadamardala Bajanti Mari Galatura

Ghumura Dance, Sambalpuri Ghudka Dance
Ghumura was likewise utilized as a Darbari dance in the August province of Kalahandi and played by the erstwhile Kalahandi state amid war times. The run of the mill blended sound that leaves the melodic instruments like Ghumura, Nishan, Dhol, Taal, Madal and so on and the articulations and developments of the specialists make this dance to be a "Chivalrous Dance". Since a huge number of years, Ghumura dance has advanced from a war dance to a dance shape for social and social exercises. The dance is related with social amusement, unwinding, love, dedication and well-disposed fellowship among all class, doctrine, and religion in the present days. Generally, this dance is likewise connected with Nuakhai and Dasahara festivity in Kalahandi and vast parts of South Western Orissa. Ghumura dance is as yet covered up in the town level in South Western Orissa and a few sections of circumscribing Andhra Pradesh and Chhattisgarh. Kalahandi area has taken the main run in promoting and holding its exceptional character of Ghumura dance. Kalahandi is for the most part known as the place where there is Ghumura. Ghumura dance has the chance to speak to the country in different global occasions Delhi, Moscow, Kolkata, and different urban areas in India. Ghumura dance is additionally a standout amongst the most investigated folk dance frame in Orissa. 

History of Ghumura Dance

Alongside recorded confirmation, the starting point of Ghumura dance has mulled over of open perspectives and legends. In light of legend, writer Shivam Bhasin Panda composed Ghumura Janma Bidhan in 1954. 

Nandini Bhasin and Gaganeswar have likewise depicted a legend with respect to the starting point of Ghumura, in which they portrayed that Chandra Dhwaja has initially settled the dance and later it was assumed control over an evil spirit — Karttabirya Asura. 

According to Chandi Purana Durga, the unceasing god of Shakti, solicited every one of the Gods and Goddesses from paradise to loan their weapons, as instruments and transports to execute an evil presence lord Mahisasur. 

One of the war-melodic instruments gathered was the Ghumura instrument that was framed by a mix of a bit of Dambaru, a melodic instrument of Lord Siva, and Veena of goddess Saraswati. 

According to Mahabharata, Ghumura was utilized by Gods and Goddesses as a melodic instrument amid war. As per Sarala Mahabharata, amid Satya Juga-Jenabali-Patana was the capital of the ruler Gogingh Daitya, grandson of Mahisasura. 

Numerous individuals acknowledge that Mahisasura Jenabali-Patana of that age is the Junagarh of today.

 In any case, in the Madhya Parba of Mahabharat, Ghumura has been said with depiction about executing of Gosingh Daitya. Sarala Dasa has additionally portrayed it as the Rana-Badya (war music) of Mahisasura.[3] 

A couple of specialists trusted Ghumura was a war music (Rana-Badya) of Ravana, evil spirit ruler of Lanka, and Lanka-Garh. Goddess Lankeswari, the most loved goddess of Ravana, is worshiped in the area. 

As per them after Lanka was devastated by Hanuman and after Ravana was slaughtered, Goddess Lankeswari left Lanka and came to settle in Jenabali-Patana (now it is Junagarh, Kalahandi) where she is worshiped. 

There are legends about the inception of Nishan and Tala. 

In the wake of building Chandrachuda Bindhani out of iron found from Bindhya Giri and covering its best with a skin of dead Bouta dairy animals, it was initiated with Panchakshar-Mantra.

 Its folks Gaurab Gandharb and Urbasi called it Nishan. Similarly, the Tala was made by a Saint-Kasyapa Risi. Nishan and Tala are considered as images of Radha-Krishna.

 Sambalpuri Ghudka Dance- History, Details, Wiki, Contact Number

Sambalpuri Ghudka Dance- History, Details, Wiki, Contact Number & More  Sambalpuri Ghudka Dance- History, Details, Wiki, Contact Number & More Reviewed by Susil Bhue on June 15, 2018 Rating: 5

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